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V. Jonas Urba

V. Jonas Urba

Employment Law Reality Check
  • Employment Law, Arbitration & Mediation
  • Massachusetts, New York
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Summary

I'm an employment lawyer with 30 years of experience based in the greater New York City area.

I have worked as a state prosecutor and as an in-house, human resources attorney. I have been associated with a number of small law firms in addition to a 200 lawyer firm. I was the human resources director conducting internal investigations for a professional employer organization. I have founded and directed 3 law firms in 3 different states.

I am very familiar with the financial services, health care, union represented civil service, manufacturing, higher education, and sales industries. In addition to federal court litigation, mediation, and arbitration I help employees and small employers with the application of employment policies and procedures. More employers choose to apply covenants not to compete, enforce trade secrets and duties of loyalty, in order to protect legitimate business interests.

One of the most challenging things we do as employment lawyers is the reality check. We tell employees that unless they work for the government, are covered by union collective bargaining agreements, or have entered private employment contracts, their employers don't need a reason to fire them. That's correct. An employer does not have to give most employees any reason when firing them. Many employees find this surprising.

I search for sufficient facts, usually proven with circumstantial evidence, to determine whether potential clients might have suffered discrimination prohibited by Title VII, the ADA, FMLA, ADEA, EPA, FRA, PDA, or unpaid wages covered by the FLSA or New York's Labor Laws.

Practice Areas
  • Employment Law
  • Arbitration & Mediation
Fees
  • Free Consultation
    Initial telephone conference.
  • Credit Cards Accepted
    All major credit cards.
  • Contingent Fees
    The facts of each case determine whether contingent fees are appropriate. Litigation always costs money and someone must pay. The type of case and amount of potential damages determine fees.
  • Rates, Retainers and Additional Information
    Fees can be flat fees, hourly fees, contingent fees, or hybrid agreements. They can include reduced hourly and multiple other combinations.
Jurisdictions Admitted to Practice
Colorado
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Florida
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Massachusetts
New York
United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York
United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Languages
  • English: Spoken, Written
Professional Experience
Labor and Employment Attorney
Urba Law PLLC
- Current
My practice is limited to labor and employment law matters. I litigate in federal court, represent clients at administrative proceedings, and have been certified as a court mediator. Most clients do not wish to spend years in court although sometimes that is the only option.
Discrimination Attorney
Law Offices of Jonas Urba, P.A.
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Represented the most discriminated segment of the population at that time.
Labor and Employment Attorney
Modern Business Associates, Inc.
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EEOC, Title VII, Department of Labor, sexual harassment, employment discrimination, employer policies and procedures, unemployment, internal and external employee conduct investigations
Labor and Employment Attorney
Fowler White Boggs Banker, P.A.
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Represented carriers and employers.
Labor and Employment Attorney
Miller Kagan Rodriguez & Silver, P.A.
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Represented carriers and employers.
Labor and Employment Attorney
Law Office of Jonas Urba, P.C.
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Employment discrimination, EEOC, Title VII, ADA, severance agreements, agency administrative actions, unemployment, sexual harassment, FLSA, FMLA
Labor and Employment Attorney
McCrea & Keck, LLC
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Represented carriers and employers.
Assistant General Counsel
State of Florida Department of Business & Professional Regulation
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Civil servant. Represented management and human resources in agency administrative actions, public employees relations commission actions, federal, state, and administrative forums.
Labor and Employment Attorney
Law Office of Joseph A. Vassallo, P.A.
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Represented injured and disabled employees at administrative agency actions and drafted documents to resolve claims.
Assistant State Attorney
20th Judicial Circuit Office of the State Attorney
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Prosecuted criminal cases.
Education
Valparaiso University School of Law
J.D. (1988) | Law
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University of South Florida
MBA (1983) | Business Administration
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Indiana University - Indiana University-Bloomington
B.S. (1980) | Psychology, Business Administration
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Awards
Jonas Urba mentioned for helping a pregnant Planned Parenthood employee
New York Times
The New York Times published a story about pregnant employees losing their jobs at Planned Parenthood. The Times mentioned that I had resolved such a claim.
Highest Scholastic Achievement
Valparaiso University School of Law
Professional Associations
National Employment Lawyers Association, New York
Member
Current
New York City Bar Association
Member
Current
New York State Bar Association # 4974333
Member
Current
Westchester County Bar Association
Member
Current
Publications
Articles & Publications
The Glory Days of PUBLIC SERVICE
Westchester Lawyer magazine
Do Statutory Rights Mean What They Say?
Florida Bar - Administrative Law Section Newsletter
Speaking Engagements
Strategies to Protect Non-Traditional Families, University of Miami Law School / NCLR, Miami, Florida
NCLR
Florida continuing legal education workshop / seminar. Panel member / speaker.
Certifications
Florida Supreme Court Certified Circuit Civil and County Court Mediator (2004 - 2010)
Florida Supreme Court
Websites & Blogs
Website
The Urba Law Firm
Blog
Videos
Employment Law Reality Check Sales Professionals Losing Jobs

Sales professionals in their 50s and 60s are losing their jobs. Many think age discrimination but an employment lawyer might uncover something else.

Employment Law Reality Check Probationary Teachers Administrators

Probationary teachers and administrators may have Taylor Law issues. Collective bargaining agreements should be reviewed.

Employment Law Reality Check Physician Nurse Practitioner Non compete

Physician and nurse practitioner non-compete agreements. You likely have one. Ask an employment lawyer to review it with you.

Employment Law Reality Check Switching Lawyers

Switching employment lawyers. Can you do that if you now feel you made a mistake? What to consider.

Employment Law Reality Check Severance Pay in New York

No law requires severance pay in New York. Many employees think there are guidelines when none exist in most cases.

Employment Law Reality Check Stress at Work

Stressed at work? Don't act before discussing your specific facts with employment lawyers.

Employment Law Reality Check New York City Human Rights Law 2

New York City's Human Rights Law gives employees much more protection. If you work in any of the 5 Boroughs you are probably covered.

Employment Law Reality Check Media Attention

Media attention can be a bad thing. Employees sometimes don't consider the down side. Some things to consider.

Employment Law Reality Check Workplace Bullying

Bullying laws don't exist in most workplaces. Your employer doesn't have to be nice to you and they don't have to give you a reason before firing you.

Legal Answers
342 Questions Answered

Q. In less than a year my HR personnel has made numerous errors including asking me to do an illegal activity.
A: Incompetence is not illegal. But don't count on or try to get HR fired. Discrimination is illegal. Nothing in your facts describes why this may have been discriminatory. Is there any evidence to support that your membership in one or more protected classes of employees (i.e. you suffer with a disability or are being targeted because of sex, race, religion, national origin, etc...) has caused or motivated HR to treat you this way? If there is no plausible theory by which you might prove discrimination and the employer sides with HR how will you respond to losing your job for no reason? They don't need to give "at will" employees any reason. Nor do they need to provide advance notice. They don't even need to put anything in writing. Find a new job while you still have this one. Putting employees in positions where they learn as they go is very common today. Would you want to do HR's job?
Q. Can my employer change our employment contract after I signed it?
A: Was the first contract "at will"? If so they willed to change it and it looks like you willed to accept it. Have an employment lawyer review the agreement if you truly believe it was a contract and not simply an offer subject to amendment and change at any time. The longer you accept the new terms the more likely you have ratified them. You are entitled to overtime pay contract or no contract if you work more than 40 hours per week. You may not be paid less than minimum wage. Contact employment lawyers for this as well.
Q. NY employer asking me to sign agreement that I am responsible for any damage to equipment, including accidental. Legal?
A: Here's a link to Section 193 of New York's Labor Law. https://www.labor.ny.gov/formsdocs/wp/ls605.pdf Not legal advice. No lawyer client relationship. No assurance that this is the latest version of Section 193 nor that it is all inclusive. Contact a New York employment lawyer to review anything you sign before you sign it for a flat fee if you would like a definitive legal opinion.
Q. Can you get legally fired from a job via text message?
A: Did you receive the text? Would you rather have faced the employer when they told you? If so how would that have made any difference assuming you are "at will" which means that the employer needs absolutely no reason to get rid of you. None. They decide "this is not the place for you" and you're gone.
Q. Can I fire an employee in NY for calling off sick multiple times for the last couple months?
A: Please call employment lawyers some of whom serve all of NYS. There are local laws which forbid asking for medical excuse documentation except if certain conditions are met. Each employee is unique unless you have an employee handbook and apply policies uniformly.
Q. hi need to know please in my firm is leading me to illness due to the fact that my office is a basement and they just
A: Sorry to hear that. Your question might be better answered by an immigration lawyer. Before you consider filing formal complaints with any governmental agencies. Good luck.
Q. I have a severance package from work. Need a lawyer to Look at it before I sign it. Thank you
A: Sounds great. Flat rates. Employment lawyers are your best option. Thanks.
Q. I'm being terminated and only paid 3 months of severance. How can I negotiate my severance package?
A: If you will need to leave the U.S. that sounds like a Visa / immigration issue. Contact an immigration lawyer familiar with H1B or whatever type of work Visa you may have. Those lawyers emphasize or specialize in immigration issues. No employer in the U.S. is required to pay any severance at all. Unless a union contract or civil service position requires that by law. Otherwise, severance is optional at the employer's discretion as long as the employer applies its policy uniformly. Or unless you have a "plausible theory" of discrimination.
Q. Employment lawyer
A: If you work for the government you are entitled to request copies of your personnel file. If you work for a private employer which is subject to New York's Labor Laws there is no right for any employee to obtain copies of their personnel file unless the employer has negotiated same in her or his private, signed employment contract or unless the employee belongs to a union and that employee's union has negotiated such a right for all union members by collective bargaining agreement.
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Contact & Map
Urba Law PLLC / Employment Law Reality Check
520 White Plains Rd., Ste. 500
Tarrytown, NY 10591
USA
Telephone: (914) 366-7366
Cell: (914) 826-7721
New York City Bar Association
42 West 44th Street
3rd Floor
New York, NY 10036
USA
Telephone: (914) 366-7366